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Diamond Education - Diamond Cuts

One of the most significant characteristics of a diamond is its cut. The beauty of a diamond depends more on cut than any other factor. Though color, clarity, and carat also contribute to a diamond's appeal, but it's the cut that determines the symmetry of the stone facets, overall proportions and ability to reflect light. A well-cut diamond appears very brilliant while a poorly cut diamond appears dark regardless of its color or clarity.

There are many shapes that diamonds are cut like round, oval, pear, heart, marquise, emerald or princess. Ideally the diamond cut is done in a way to best reflect the light that shines into it. A well cut diamond internally reflects light from one facet to another, disperse and reflect it through the top of the stone maximizing the brilliance as well as the fire of the stone.

Diamonds are generally categorized into 3 main types of cuts:

  • Shallow Cut A shallow cut diamond creates the illusion of a larger stone, it allows light to escape out the sides instead of reflecting off the top, creating a lack of brilliance and sparkle.
     
  • Ideal Cut A high quality diamond that cut ideally to beautifully reflects light. This cut style is well-proportioned and carefully angled to achieve a luminous appearance.
     
  • Deep Cut Deep cut poorly reflects light, resulting in a dull and muted appearance.
     

Diamond Characteristics:

  • Crown: The top portion of the diamond, from the girdle to the table.

    Pavilion: The lower portion of a diamond, from the girdle to the culet.

    Culet: The facet or point at the bottom of the diamond's pavilion.

    Girdle: The narrow rim around the widest part of a diamond, separating the crown from the pavilion.

    Depth: The height of a gemstone, from the culet to the table. Determined as a percentage of the overall diameter of the stone.